Over the last few decades large professional groups providing jobs on a flexible and seasonal basis which contribute significantly to the economy have encountered problems in terms of employment status, low income, social protection — especially in the event of accidents — and the lack of other benefits which employees in other sectors enjoy. In countries with high unemployment rates, there is often no alternative to this type of work. Among the sectors affected by these problems are the catering and courier sectors and the self-employed in various fields.
Indeed, with the emergence of online intermediating services such as Uber, Deliveroo, Toptal, Freelancer and the trend towards a gig economy, these problems have become more acute, despite the convenience and facilities they provide.
Given that a large number of citizens are employed in sectors of this kind and the opportunities and risks involved, can the Commission say:
1. What legislative measures have been taken to protect these specific sectors?
2. Does it have any statistics on the contribution made by the above sectors to the economy and the number of workers employed in these sectors and types of job?
3. Which authority is responsible for monitoring and enforcing the implementation of EC law in this connection?