Even before the embargo was actually imposed, there could be no doubt as to the devastating impact it would have on agricultural exports to Russia, affecting not only producers but also transport operators.
This throws doubt on the effectiveness of the CAP Risk and Crisis Management Instrument in finding a swift response to the problem as a whole and on the adequacy of funding earmarked for this purpose.
Furthermore, the sanctions are affecting not just agricultural exports but the economy as a whole, especially in countries that are in the throes of an ongoing recession and where farm products are the principal export. In such cases, even a minor dip in export activities can have a disproportionate effect on GDP figures.
In view of this:
1. How does the Commission intend to improve the existing CAP Risk and Crisis Management Mechanism so as to provide swift and effective relief for European producers?
2. As well as ensuring an immediate increase in compensation for those directly affected, how will the Commission assess the knock-on effects of the sanctions on the economy as a whole?
Answer given by Mr Cioloş on behalf of the Commission
The safety net to respond to crisis situations that was introduced as part of the last reform of the common agricultural policy provides for two sets of tools. First of all it still integrates the traditional market intervention measures (public intervention, private storage aid and export refunds) and secondly it broadened the possibility for the Commission to intervene in the market by means of exceptional measures (Articles 219-222 of Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013(1)).
In response to the Russian embargo the Commission used these powers to respond quickly with the aim to restore market balance as soon as possible. An overview of all measures taken can be found on the AGRI website:
Furthermore the Commission is continuously monitoring market developments for all sectors concerned and will react if new measures are appropriate.
(1) OJ L 347, 20.12.2013.